Here is a link to records they hold on Fordington as an example. In recent years they have started to image these records and make them available on line for which it is necessary to register. There are no charges involved in dealing with the CLDS nor do you have to be a member of the church to use their history centre. It was members of the church that were originally responsible for setting up Ancestry. Search their catalog by entering the parish name to see a listing of records held for that parish. Click on the indexed category to see individual films for the period you want.
I viewed films for more than a decade at my local church without once being asked to join.
Wooden box or chest with a rounded top, often a strong box for valuables. A phrase used in Quarter Sessions order books. Elected annually by the tenantry, he had to report, and take action on a great number of matters among them: felonies committed, escaped prisoners, riots, unlawful assemblies, non attendance at church, oppression by other officers, commercial irregularities, licensing of ale houses, compiling juror lists, drunkenness. He usually had assistants who dealt with things such as unauthorised building of additional cottages and dovecotes, vagabonds, intruders, militia muster rolls, taking of lewd women before justices of the peace and detaining refractory fathers of bastards.
Copyhold is a form of tenure for land held of a Lord of teh Manor in return, originally for agricultural services butsince Tudor times for money payments. On the admission of a new tenant a payment fine to the Lord was requiered, and on death of the Tenant a Heriot. Tenure of such land could be transferred only by its surrender to the Lord, and by admission by him of the new tenant, who was often the heir of the old one.
Each admission was recorded in the Court Rolls and a copy of the entry given to the new tenant, for whom it fulfilled the functionof a title deed, hence the name Copyhold. Copyhold is also known as customary tenure, since its conditions were governed by custom of the manor. A shoemaker.
Cordwain was originally a kind of leather imported from Spain and used to make shoes. Prior to a married woman could not normally make a will without her husbands consent, because her property was considered to be her husbands; but there were some exceptions for example when she held specifically devised property from a previous husband.
She could also be left money or property for her own use if this was specifically written into a will when the phrase 'for her own and separate use and benefit notwithstanding coverture' was often used. Land adjoining a house, often enclosed. Usually seen as part of a kitchen or fireplace inventory. It later simply became 'hook'. It was used to suspend a cooking pot or kettle at the desired height above the fire.
Currying was the name given to the process of stretching and finishing tanned leather, thus, rendering it supple and strong for the use of a saddler or cobbler. An example of this is in the West Fordington marriage register for 22nd April when James Reuben Toogood a bandsman a drummer in the D.
M married Charlotte Read. A 'death head ring' is a morning or posie ring Link to pictures of posie rings. Latin - 'of the same' or 'from the same place' often encountered in Letters of Administration.
Deforcement: Legal term for the act of holding lands and tenements by force from the right owner. Deforciant is a person doing the same. Those parts of the land and rights of a manor that the lord retained for himself, as distinct from those used by his tenants. What might now be called the 'home farm'. Ancient Demeasne was a Manor that had been in the king's hands at the death of Edward the Confessor.
When applied to the crown of England it signifiesits transmission to the enxt heir on the death of the soverign.
In addition to his work service the tenant paid rent of assize, which remained fixed for centuries despite the continuous fall in the value of money. Extreme melt of Greenland ice sheet could be difficult to halt. An upstart outlaw baits a legendary gunslinger, now a marshal in love with a saloonkeeper. July Images. As their relationship starts to blossom, she desperately tries to hide her condition from her unsuspecting new beau. Kissinger, Diplomacy , They wore high boots, with their trousers tucked into them, and had long black hair and heavy black moustaches.
Linen diaper and damask were a self patterened fine white linen that had been used in western Europe since the 15th century for tablecloths, napkins and handtowels. These linens were described in various ways but in England in the mid 16th century they were classed, notably in probate inventories, as either 'diaper' or 'damask'. This classification was descriptive rather than technical, 'diaper' and 'damask' being differentiated solely by the complexity of the pattern: small repeat patterns often of a geometrical form were described as 'diaper' and figurative patterns with longer repeats as 'damasks'.
Source The Grove Encyclopedia of materials and techniques in Art. Dowlis was a course linen cloth made at Doulas near Brest in France and imported in the 17th century through the port of Weymouth by Dorchester Merchants. Joan Christopher my 6th great grandmother had clothing made for her from dowlis in Dec which was paid for by the Obverseers of the Poor at Cheselbourne. S published by Longmans Dorchester The portion to which a widow was entitled of the estate of her late husband for her subsistence and the education of their children. By Common Law it was fixed at one-third, but this could be over-ruled by the customary law of the manor or other area to one-quarter or one half, or his whole estate.
In connection with copyhold property, the last mentioned right was called 'Freebench'.
Dower is also used of a daughter's portion of inheritance. Dower Latin dotarium is not to be confused with Dowry. This may have been given her by her father, or it may have been property already in her possession by inheritance. Dowry Latin maritagium is not to be confused with Dower. Water being generally undrinkable the stable 17th century drink for all classes was ale. Ale made from the 1st mash, which had a stronger alcoholic content, was generally reserved for men, woman drank from the 2nd mash which was slightly weaker and children from the third the weakest of all.
This system was followed for many generations as the brewing process killed germs. Water particularly in towns carried infection as human waste was more often than not disposed of in cess pits under the houses and the sewage leaked into the water supply.
This was still a problem in the mid 19th century - See the biography of Rev Henry Moule and page down to his invention of the dry earth closest for more background. The better off would have wine or even spirits. Dorchester Inventories seldom refer to any kind of drinking vessel and I can only assume that this is because they were in common use and generally considered of little intrinsic value. As such they are probably included in the reference often made to "other lumber". In general use were Goblets , Mugs, Jugs or Tankards.
Tankards, differ from mugs in being lidded, and were made in vast numbers from - As taste turned from ale to wine and spirits, tankards began to lose their popularity. Early tankards are straight-sided and late 17th-century examples are sometimes chased or decorated. The most important movable Feast is Easter Day and a separate listing can be accessed via the link provided which also lists the dates of other movable feasts which as determined from Easter Daye.
An owner of lands Fee Simple Absolute: see Fee could by a grant of land to a person 'and the heirs of his body' legally begotten' tie up land in one family. Such land was called Estate Tail, and the mode on tenure 'Fee Tail' Each successor would enjoy only a life interest in it, but it would pass to his heirs on the principle of progeniture. If ever the the direct issue of the original grantee died out, the landrevertedto the grantor or his heirs.
Leases of entailed land became void on the death of the landlord who was a tenant in tail. Debts were not chargeable on such land. Heirs could not be disinherited. In cases of treason until HenryVII or other offences, such land could not be forfeited to the Crown for longer than the tenant's life, though it did escheat to the lord. In any tenant in tail was allowed to break the entail by deed enrolled in the Court of Chancery.
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Et Cetera - meaning 'and other things' or 'and so forth'. Houses, 7"]. A person who shoes horses also 'one who professes to cure the diseases of horses dictionary '.
Often accompanied by a matching bolster. Fee The expression 'in fee' means 'hereditarily', and 'in fee male' means through the male line of descent. A Fee Simple was a freehold estate in land which passed at death to the common law heir. For Fee Tail see entail. Fee Farm was a fixed annual rent charge payable to the king by chartered boroughs.
One whose business it is to part the wool from pelts, one who deals in sheepskins. In Dorchester there were for example "Feoffees" elected to administer endowments and funds for the Free School. Firedog is like an andier, but generally smaller less ornamental. They were used to support wood buring in a hearth Picture Link. Fifth Monarchists or Fifth Momonarchy men were a quasi-political religious movement which was prominent from Link to more information.
A long narrow trenchor excavation, especially in a fortification. The Roman wall around Dorchester included a foss to increase the height of the defensive wall. A tenure by which a religious corporation holds lands given to them and their successors forever, usually on condition of praying for the soul of the donor and his heirs; - called also tenure by free alms. River Frome - often spelt Froome in older records.